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Table top Photography in your Ofce Arrangement of the items and lighting: First, see Picture 1 for the layout. A pure black background B was chosen to provide a good contrast and also to make colours stand out. Te subject here is ofce supplies A and since such items are normally placed on a table in an ofce, they will look natural on a wooden surface C. So, arrange these items on a wooden table or if you are using a light table; you can get the same efect by placing a plywood plank on top of it.

Alternatives are a wooden veneer or a wood fnished laminate. In a still life photograph like this, the composition is important. So, let us look at it in detail. Arrange the diferent objects A in such a way that they are asymmetrical, as asymmetrical composition gives some dynamism to an otherwise static picture.

Since the light is on the lef in this setup, keep the tall objects to the right so that no shadows fall on the other objects. Apart from this, I have kept a pencil to form a leading line. I also added a few wooden shavings from the pencil to give a realistic look.

Tis sort of detail gives the eye something to explore and holds it in the frame for long. Tat is, there should be no gap between the items.

See that this aspect has been taken care of while arranging the various items. Most offices have glass windows and it is common for light streaming through these windows to fall on a table creating nice shadows.

I am simulating a similar light using artificial lighting. Since you will be keeping the items on a wooden table, it will be nice if the texture of the wood is revealed. For that, it is best to use side lighting. A single shoe mount portable flash D unit is used as the main light here and is positioned on the left side.

The light from the portable flash will be harsh. It is important that no light from the flash falls on the background. You can do this by keeping a gobo F as shown in the lighting diagram. You must try and keep a large distance, around 2 feet or more, between the background and the subject.

Description

This will further aid in preventing light from flash falling on the background. Also, the light from this flash will cause deep shadows on the opposite side. Hence, use a reflector G to lighten them. In this case, a crinkled aluminum sheet was used for this purpose. Alternatively, you can use another flash with reduced output compared to the main flash D. You need to trigger this fash remotely as it is not on the camera. It is best you use a fash with an optical trigger for simplicity, though a radio trigger can also be used.

In this case, it was simply triggered with the built-in fash of the camera. Also, there is one very important precaution you need to take. While you will not be using the light from the built-in fash for the image itself it will be used solely for triggering , it will nevertheless throw light on the black background ruining the whole image.

Tis can be rectifed by keeping a small black card in front of the built-in fash for blocking it Picture 2. Tere is also a device specifcally made for this purpose Picture 3.

Other points you need to take care of are: The remote flash you are planning to use should have manual flash output control and provision for optical triggering.

The former is needed to control the light output and the latter is needed for detecting Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 2: Use a black card to block the light from the built-in fash falling on the black background. Picture 3: A convenient device for blocking the light from built-in fash.

If your flash does not have an optical trigger or if your camera does not have a built-in flash, then you should plug a radio receiver to the flash. You can now trigger the flash with a radio transmitter connected to your camera. You need to keep the remote fash on a proper stand or any other suitable device. Use a macro or a lens with close focusing ability. Te kit lens supplied with your D-SLR will do the job very well. Since you are using a fash, set the shuter speed to X-Sync which is the maximum shuter speed allowed by your camera for synchronisation.

Check your camera manual for the exact value. Otherwise it will fire prematurely before the shutter opens. Though, you will not have this problem if you are using a radio trigger. Set your camera to Manual Exposure and Manual Focus modes.

Set your camera to the base ISO for the best picture quality. Switch on the histogram and the highlight warning tools. These options are available in the Playback menu of your camera. Mount your camera on a tripod. You can also handhold it since you are using a fash, but a tripod always improves your composition apart from keeping your camera steady.

Te procedure: Arrange the items as explained. Focus your camera. Adjust the height and angle of the camera such that a sliver of wooden base is visible in the foreground. First, take a test shot without firing the main flash or your built-in flash. You should get a totally black image. This will confirm that there is no ambient light interfering with your lighting. Next, keep the main fash of but activate the built-in fash.

Block the light from the built-in fash as already explained and take a test picture. It should be pitch black, once again. Tis will confrm that no light from the built-in fash is geting into the image.

Now, switch on the main flash and then take another test picture. Check the histogram of the image. There should be a peak towards the left corresponding to the black background. Adjust the flash output so that this peak is just about to touch the left axis Picture 4. This will give you a rich black background while retaining some texture. Remember that increasing the exposure, that is the amount of light, will move the histogram to the right. Also, check the highlight warning display.

Tere should be no or very small areas of blown highlights. In this case I opted for a small area of blown highlight on the knife to make it sparkle against the black background. Tis is also indicated by the histogram slightly touching the right axis. However, the area with blown highlights should be kept to the absolute minimum. Once you have adjusted the exposure properly, release the shutter to take the picture!

You should get an image similar to Picture 5. Picture 4: Tis is how the histogram will look on the LCD monitor of your camera.

Note how the peak on the lef does not touch the lef axis. Tis indicates that there are no blocked shadows. You can also try the same subjects placed on a glass top rather than a wooden surface. If you decide on doing this way, then I would suggest that you use a black coloured glass instead of a plain glass sheet. Tis will look much beter. Picture 5: Te fnal result for you to enjoy! Tech data: More importantly, you just need minimum equipment to do this.

So try it out and enjoy your work! It can work with the following host applications: A fully functional free trial version from www. Te paid download version currently costs approximately Rs.

Please note that this article is just a brief run-through of what Silver Efex Pro is capable of. Te host application that I am using is Photoshop CS6.

Before you start, edit your image as best as you can. Tis means adjust the contrast, colour, spoting, sharpening etc. Te presets are divided into categories: All, Classic, Modern, Vintage and Favourites. An important point to note here is that afer choosing a preset, you can fne-tune the efect to your liking using selective adjustments.

In our printscreen on the opposite page, you can see one of the presets applied to the image in question the second preset from the top has been selected for this particular printscreen.

Tis is actually a gradient map with 11 distinct zones showing the tonality possible in your image. Tis can be used to fne-tune the tonal relationship in your image. Te technology built into the Selective Adjustments is worth elaborating. Using this, you can alter brightness, contrast and structure fne detail in the part of the image you are working on. You can tone an image, apply a vignete, burn edges, or create image borders.

You can add grain, change the sensitivity of diferent colours of the original image for example, in the monochrome version, you could darken the area originally covered by a blue sky, lighten foliage etc. Silver Efex Pro 2 is very easy to use and a joy too. You can create many variations, save them, and then decide on your favourite one. Learning 66 Smart Photography December Using Silver Efex Pro 2 Original December Smart Photography 67 Learning Te author, Rajendra Prasad, an Associate of Royal Photographic Society of London, and a banker by profession, has been in the photographic feld for over two decades and has extensive experience in both flm and digital photography.

Rajendra has a passion for sharing his knowledge on photography through teaching and writing. He has also given talks on photography at Doordarshan. He has taught several photo-enthusiasts through workshops on photography in several Indian cities.

His photographs have also won many accolades in diferent photographic salons. He has also served as a judge in various contests. His other hobbies are electronics and painting. He maintains a photoblog digicreation. All amateur photogra- phers use these filters in Photoshop to en- hance their images, because they are easy to execute and no learning is required. With just a click on any filter, you get a professional looking image. Amateurs and professional photographers also use plug-ins because it saves time.

Sometimes professionals use secret plug-ins to give a personal touch to their images. Photoshop already ships with a large number of filters, but photographers are always in search of new filters which can provide unique ef- fects to their images. There are thousands of plug-ins available in the market made by third-party software developers and some of them are unaffordable by ama- teur photographers. Many Photoshop users are unaware of this plug-in since it does not comes pre loaded in Photoshop and is not publicised too much.

What is Pixel Bender? Pixel Bender was known as Hydra when it was earlier in development. The Pixel Bender graph language is an XML-based language for combining individual pixel- processing operations kernels into more complex Pixel Bender filters. You will first have to download and load it to be able to use it.

It is a combination of different filters for Photoshop with each providing a unique effect. As a result, a community is building around Pixel Bender where users can share custom created filters with others. They run faster on the graphic card GPU. Adobe Pixel Bender technology delivers a common image and video processing infrastructure, so Pixel Bender also runs cross-platform in Photoshop, After Effects and Flash. Te extension is a.

Te reason for this is that the extension needs to be placed in a folder that you can only access if you have administrator privileges.

You can do that simply by right clicking Extension Manager App in all programs and choosing Run as Administrator. Click the install icon in the Adobe Extension Manager dialog box.

When prompted, browse and go where you have saved your downloaded Pixel Bender fles. If your Photoshop is already open, close and restart to make the plug-in available. I will be using this image of a fower. Te limit is x pixels, so ensure that your image is smaller than this. I suggest you start with smaller images as they render faster. If your image is bigger than x pixels, resize it to a smaller size.

Unlike most flters which convert images to look like an oil painting, this one identifes the edges in the image therefore making the painting look more realistic. December Smart Photography 69 Learning Photoshop 3 Working with flters Te Pixel Bender gallery is initially populated with about 13 Pixel Bender flters that are installed with the plug-in, as seen in the screenshot.

As with all plug-ins you will love the efect of some flters and use them repeatedly depending on your requirement. So frst apply all these flters one by one on your image, play with their sliders and see what efect they provide.

Note that the choice of image is also important. Some flters work on select images only. Due to limitation of space, I cannot explain all the flters in the gallery here. Terefore, I have selected three flters to elaborate on.

Do experiment with the other flters to analyse the results. Spherize Tis flter converts the image into a sphere, as you can see in the screenshot. Tere are only three sliders in this flter- Refraction Index, Radius and Center. Te Refraction Index controls the amount of spherisation; the Radius controls the radius of the sphere; and in Center you will fnd two sliders which control the position of the sphere.

Adjust the sliders till you get the result you like. If you are unsure about how a slider afects the image, drag it all the way to the lef or right and see the result. Adjust accordingly. As the viewer looks through one end, the light entering from the other end creates a colourful pattern, due to the reflection off the mirrors. By just shaking the instrument you can change the patterns.

The Kaleidoscope filter of the Pixel Bender functions in a similar manner. You can take any photograph as a starting point and this filter converts it in to a pattern. The shapes can be controlled by the sliders provided. Tis flter has 4 controls: Fade Colour, as the name suggests, fades the colours.

In practice, I got no efect from these sliders. Center point has two sliders and these are the main sliders that afect the shape of a patern. Play with them till you get a pleasing patern. Size changes the size of the existing paterns. Fade fades out the image, so it is best to keep the seting at 1. Rotation Angle changes the patern according to the selection. Give this slider more atention and play with it till you get a desired patern.

You can see the efect of this flter on the fower in the fnal image. Oil Filter In my opinion, this is the best flter in the Pixel Bender gallery. Tere are many plug-ins in the market which imitate the oil painting efect.

Smart Photography January 2016

Some plug-ins are free, some too costly to be downloadd by amateurs and some are so complex that you have to study them before you can apply them in an efective manner. Tis Oil Filter of Pixel Bender is very easy to use and almost instantaneously provides the oil painting efect. It has 5 sliders. Te frst slider i. You can easily decide how and when to use these sliders because the sofware provides a live preview while moving the sliders.

December Smart Photography 71 Learning Photoshop Pixel Bender is a very cool plug-in that did not get widespread recognition from developers. Download this plug-in and start experimenting on various images. Sometimes, black and white images create greater impact than colour. It demands greater knowledge of lighting and the ability on the part of the photographer to visualise the fnal scene without being unduly infuenced by colour. If you do so, you may not be fully satisfed because you are likely to see a colour tint in the fnal images.

Instead, go for inkjet printing, which can ofer you clean blacks and whites. Some methods are, to say the least, poor, and some are rather difcult. I am using Photoshop CS6 but earlier versions can be used too. Adjust the sliders depending on the colour that you want to adjust till you are satisfed with the result. You may work on the original or the copy.

Te copy is created so that you can easily compare the two images side- by-side. You now have a choice. Click on the Auto buton if you want Photoshop to guide you. Notice that the slider positions change again. Taking a cue from the sliders, you can fne-tune the fnal efect to your liking. Move the cursor over the area you want to darken or lighten.

When you press the mouse buton, the eyedropper icon will turn into a hand with arrows pointing lef and right. Moving this slider to the lef will darken that part of the image; moving to the right will lighten it. A plug-in is a small sofware that works in combination with a host program like Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Lightroom, Aperture etc. C ontrolling what is in focus and what is not in an image is essen- tial if you want to get the right aesthetics in portrait, landscape and still life photography.

So, before we go further let us see what DOF stands for. As per optical theory, only one point and all the points at exactly the same distance from the lens can be in perfect focus. But, in reality, objects on either side of this point will also be in focus. Tat is, there is a band of acceptable sharpness which is nothing but the depth of feld.

Simply put, DOF is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects which are in focus. DOF, beyond any doubt, is one of the most important aspects of photography. DOF is mainly infuenced by just two parameters - magnifcation and aperture. Magnifcation which is the size of the image that is formed on the sensor , is a combination of focal length and subject distance. Generally, perspective and composition considerations do not allow much leeway in altering magnifcation.

Tus, DOF control is ofen limited to just changing the aperture. However, aperture can be changed only within certain limits, as allowed by your lens. Tis means that you cannot extend the DOF to an extent you want just by stopping down narrowing the aperture beyond a point.

You may also get into situations where you require a high shuter speed but the DOF you need demands a narrow aperture which is not possible even with a high ISO due to the low light. Conversely, how do you reduce the DOF if it is too much? Is there a solution to these problems? Te concept was patented in as early as Te techniques and hardware that use this principle will give you an extraordinary control over the DOF to produce some very unique and aesthetically pleasing results.

A plane, as used in photography, is a fat surface. So, think of it as a transparent sheet of glass! In conventional photography, there are three planes — the focal plane that is the plane at which the sensor is located , the lens plane and the subject plane.

For perfect focus all these need to be perfectly parallel to each other Picture 1. In the strictest sense only the subject plane is in perfect focus. However, as you have just read, a zone slightly behind and afer the subject plane will also be in adequate focus due to DOF. Stripped of its mathematics, the Scheimpfug Efect, states that if the focal plane or lens plane is tilted such that they intersect each other and if the subject plane when extended passes through this intersection point, you will get almost unlimited DOF!

It is not that complicated! So when is this useful? Tink of a landscape which has a fat fower bed in the foreground. Tis can be made to come into sharp focus just by tilting the lens even without stopping down.

Similar applications exist for still life photography too. December Smart Photography 77 Learning What will happen if your subject is not in one plane? As an example think of the same landscape where there is a tall hill in the background, beyond the fower bed. Tis principle will not apply to the hill as it is in a diferent plane since it is vertical.

So, if you need to get that too in sharp focus, you can tilt the lens diferently. In Picture 2, the thick magenta line represents a vertical subject. Te problem here is that a part of the scene that was earlier in focus will now go out-of-focus. Hence, in such cases it is easier to stop down the aperture to increase the DOF the traditional way , since DOF can be extended to distant objects easily.

Tis way you can maximise the DOF by using the Scheimpfug Efect combined with stopping down of aperture. Pictures 3 and 4 show how the tilt feature was used to increase the DOF. How much tilt is needed? Te lower the camera is from the subject plane and nearer the foreground that you want in sharp focus, the greater the tilt you will need. Usually you will not need more than 8 degrees of tilt though. By proper titling you can reduce the DOF, thus confning the zone of sharp focus to a thin slice.

Tis has a very useful application in fashion and product photography. Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 1: A schematic of a conventional photographic set up. If there is a vertical subject magenta , it is better to get it in sharp focus by stopping down rather than changing the tilt angle. Learning 78 Smart Photography December Giving the tilt capability to your camera: Let us look at a couple of solutions available to us. Leading camera manufacturers and a few third-party ones Schneider, Samyang, etc.

Te shif feature is indispensable for correcting perspective that is for making vertical lines perpendicular and hence is very useful for architectural photography. Since they are purpose-built, these lenses give excellent image quality and integrate very well with cameras. However, the focussing is always manual.

Te only problem is that these are very expensive. Apart from having Picture 3 Picture 3: A photograph taken in the conventional way without any lens tilt. See how the DOF is limited here. Tese lenses are available in focal lengths starting from about 17mm for landscapes to 85mm for still life and portrait photography. Picture 5 Picture 5 Picture 5: The advent of mirrorless cameras saw a number of lens adapters coming into existence. These are easily available on site.

Also, the sensors used on mirrorless cameras are smaller than the 35mm image circle that these lenses project. Thus, these lenses have enough covering power. These factors allow the design and manufacture of adapters that also support tilt operation apart from functioning as simple adapters. Just for information, some adapters also support shift operation.

Picture 7 Picture 8 Picture 8: This is how the adapter looks after tilting. The tilt here is 8 degrees. Comparing this image with Picture 2 will give you a better idea of the tilt operation. If you have a Micro Four Thirds or Sony NEX camera, using a tilt adapter is an excellent and economical way to get the tilt capability.

Of course, you will need a lens too. Any of the older Canon, Nikon or Pentax lenses with a focal length of around 50mm will be fine for still life and portrait photography. Te aim of this article is to introduce you to the concepts of the tilt function. By using this feature and combining it with the traditional control of DOF by changing aperture , you can gain excellent command over the DOF.

Try it out and you will see what I mean! Ashok Kandimalla Picture 7: The adapter is shown here in normal position that is with no tilt. Marks will be awarded for the following parameters Final Rankings Recommended Te GH3 is an obvious atempt by Panasonic to appeal to the enthusiast and pro sector market. It is larger and heavier than the GH2 and uses a magnesium alloy chassis for extra sturdiness.

Its larger body offers a better grip, especially for people with big hands. The body is dust-proof and splash-proof, and measures approximately x 93 x 82mm. Key Features Te GH3 is a It ofers a Supersonic Wave Filter for dust reduction.

Auto Levels applied. On the extreme top right is the Wi-Fi connection lamp. For easy access to your favourite function, the GH3 ofers fve Function Butons. Te Intelligent Auto mode is a boon for those who wish to concentrate more on the subject than on the technicalities.

Te GH3 uses a zone multi- patern system for exposure control with 3 metering modes: Intelligent Multiple, Centre- weighted and Spot. Also available are 23 Scene Modes: Quick burst at 20 fps at reduced image size Super high speed , 6 fps R o h i n t o n M e h t a High speed , 4 fps Middle speed or 2 fps Low speed is available. WB can also be bracketed. A Level Gauge ensures that your images stay levelled.

Images can be shot in 4 aspect ratios: Seven Photo Styles are available to fne- tune your images: Te user can control the amount of contrast, sharpness, saturation and noise reduction while using these Photo Styles. For those wanting even more control over their images, various Creative Controls are available: You can remotely fre the camera using a Smartphone, view the images on a Wi-Fi enabled TV, transmit images to a laptop or PC or sync with a web service.

Audio is recorded in stereo using the built-in microphone but you can also add an external mic. A dedicated accessory shoe for external fashguns is available. Te camera was a pleasure to use, but like most modern cameras that have more features than necessary, it can be difcult for those who neglect studying the user manual. Unfortunately, Panasonic provides only the basic version of the user manual in print. Te balance, especially with the mm lens, was perfect and the user interface was relatively simple.

This in turn, qualifies it for a much higher excise duty. If Panasonic were to reduce the video clips to under 30 minutes should be easy with a firmware update , the camera would be affordable to most users. As mentioned earlier, JPEG users can control the sharpening in Photoshop or increase the in-camera sharpening to suit their individual needs.

In spite of its high cost, but considering its potential, we would rate the camera as a Best download! Panasonic claims an AF speed of 0. Te touch-screen autofocus worked like a charm, instantly focussing on the element touched upon on the screen. As it is with all digital cameras, the user has a choice to increase in-camera sharpness to his liking. Colours were punchy and mostly accurate-- reds, which are generally difcult to reproduce well, were much beter with the GH3. White Balance performance was good under most lighting conditions.

Images shot in Raw were defnitely beter in every way. Digital noise control was excellent up to ISO ISO could be used in an emergency, but anything upwards produced visible noise with loss of fine detail.

The Intelligent Auto mode provided us with excellent quality images without worrying about technicalities. We would recommend this mode to everyone yes, including experts! Video quality was just superb; probably the best we have seen till date on any mirrorless ILCC.

We were unable to test the Wi-Fi functionality. This is definitely on the expensive side, but the price should fall within 3 months or so.

Supersonic Wave Filter Focus: P, A, S, M. Auto Exp. Multiple, Centre-weighted, Spot Monitor: Touch screen.

VF Dioptre: Built-in, G N: Depends on card capacity Still image format: Panasonic, besides some other prominent manufacturers, ofers a wide choice of such super zoom models. Not only that, it can fre bursts at 12 frames per second at full resolution! Te FZ is a replacement for the FZ A Superfast Cam! Te camera is well fnished and is lightweight approx.

It measures In AF Macro, Manual focus, Intelligent Auto, and Motion Picture modes, the lens can focus from 1cm-infnity at the wide- angle end and cm-infnity at the telephoto end. Te Scene modes are: Creative Control lets you choose between diferent creative efects: Metering modes are Intelligent Multiple, Center-weighted and Spot.

The Burst Mode button is between the shutter release and Function 1 button. It offers the following burst rates: Using Picture Adjustment control, the user can control contrast, sharpness, saturation and noise reduction. Te focal length available for video recording is mm.

Internal memory is about 70MB. A built-in pop-up fash ofering the usual fash modes can be used between 0. Ergonomics The Lumix FZ, though not pocketable, is small enough to carry in a waist-pouch. It is easy to handle and use. In spite of its very effective Power O. Performance We had mixed reactions with the overall performance of the FZ Highlight burnout was at its minimal, and could have possibly been helped by the low-contrast.

Colours were, when not shooting into the light, saturated. Tough the Power O. If you are the kind of photographer who loves to shoot everything, even in low light, and without the bulk of a D-SLR, then the FZ is for you. However, a mm lens on a D-SLR will send you packing to a gym and could put you in confict with your bank manager!

Flare was clearly visible in against-the- light shots, which required a contrast boost in Photoshop. Chromatic aberration magenta fringing was evident. Darkening of corners was very well controlled.

There was, for all practical purposes, just a shade of corner darkening at the widest end 25mm equivalent. The lens exhibited some barrel distortion up to 65mm equivalent focal length. The EXIF data showed a maximum focal length of mm equivalent, which of course did not surprise us measured focal length often vary with the stated focal length. Te native image size was 8. At Having said that, just for record, for ultimate image quality with any camera one must try to use the lowest ISO sensitivity.

White Balance performance was good. Auto focussing was quick and accurate and the Face Detection worked well. AF Tracking was beter than in some other cameras that we have reviewed in the past.

Exposure metering for ambient light was quite accurate with all the three meters — Multiple, Centre- weighted and Spot. Exposures with the built-in fash were spot on. At this price, we would consider it to be a fair value for money.

Bridge Efective pixel: Power O. Shuter speeds: Auto, iISO, Image quality: Yes, pop-up Recording media: Li-ion batery Included sofware: Te main features of Android are connectivity, rich app base, and relatively simple user interface. Now, afer biting a second piece from Apple, the droid has slowly hacked into cameras too with Nikon launching the android-based Coolpix SC. Let us explore. Design and Build Quality Te exterior of the Nikon Coolpix SC is largely made of polycarbonate, save the front portion, which is metal.

Te lens has a three-segment construction and it protrudes quite a bit during zooming. Te tripod receptacle is metal. Te LCD has a plastic outer screen which, I think, is a bad idea considering that a camera is mostly kept on its back and the fact that it is touch screen increases the chances of scratches.

In fact, the piece supplied to us already had scratches covering every millimetre of the screen. We would like to see a Gorilla Glass screen in the next upgrade hope Nikon is listening. Tough it is based on Android, it is still a camera. So let us start with the camera features.

It houses a Nikkor mm equivalent lens constructed with 8 elements in 8 groups including an ED Extra-low Dispersion glass element. Aperture mechanism consists of an electronically controlled ND flter. AF is achieved through contrast-detect method. In normal mode, lens focusses from approximately 50cm to infnity at the wide-angle end, and approximately 1. In Macro mode, it focusses as close as 10cm all measured from the front surface of the lens. Metering modes are segment Matrix, Centre-weighted, and Spot.

Te SC features a combination of mechanical and electronic shuter electronically limiting the readout time of the sensor.

Te SC records still images in JPEG format with maximum pixel dimensions of x , while videos are recorded in MOV format with the highest quality of x at approximately 30 frames per second.

Self-timer can be set to trigger the camera at either 10 or 2 sec interval. Te camera features drive modes such as Single, Continuous H 8 fps, 60 fps, and fps , Continuous L 1. Te built-in fash has a range of approximately 0.

Flash control is through TTL method with monitor pre-fashes. Te Nikon SC works on Android 2.

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It has a GPS receiver with You can download all popular apps including games and E-mail with the exception of cellular communication apps. Te device uses a 3. Te SC has approximately 1.

It also accepts an SD memory card as external storage. It weighs approximately g including batery and memory card and has dimensions of approximately Ergonomics Te Coolpix SC is comfortable to handle and easy to use. Nikon has rooted the device in such a way that when you switch it on, it will load the camera instead of the Android home screen. Tis is a wise move since Android takes a long time to load, compared to the camera interface.

Tere is no playback buton, but a thumbnail at the corner of the screen provides access to the playback mode. But we felt the touch response was inferior to the new Android cameras available in the market. Te lens controlled darkening of corners very well with only mild darkening observed at extreme corners at wide-open aperture, at the wide-angle end. Distortion was practically zero througout the zoom range. Metering modes performed as expected.

Autofocus was reasonable, though it was not very quick to lock on every time. But the device did not have any trouble focussing in low light. Images out of the box appeared slightly sof. Prominent fare was observed at the wide-angle end with the lens wide open in images shot under strong back lighting, but we did not observe any chromatic aberration. Auto White Balance was slightly disappointing in out-of-the-box images since the camera produced distinct colour cast under all lighting conditions except Daylight and Fluorescent.

But the colour casts could be removed easily in Photoshop. Native print size was Observed at 25 percent size, images were noise-free up to ISO When viewed at percent, all images produced slight noise.

Overall, the images were usable up to ISO Te device connected to Wi-Fi networks without any problem, though we felt that the connectivity was slightly poor compared to Android phones.

Tis is tad too high than the expected range for a camera without any manual seting or priority modes. Combination of lens shif and electronic VR Autofocus Method: Contrast-detect AF Focus range from: Face priority, auto 9-area automatic selection , centre, manual, subject tracking Monitor: Internal memory: However, more pixels packed into small sensors of Smartphone cameras have their limitations, no mater what confguration it has.

If you are concerned about this, and do not mind carrying a basic phone in addition to this camera-cum-Android device, then the Nikon Coolpix S is a good download. But, we feel, there is much room for improvement. Still pictures: JPEG Movies: MOV Max. Image size: Single, Continuous H 8 fps, 60 fps, fps , Continuous L 1.

HD p fne: Programmed auto exposure Exposure comp. Electronically-controlled ND flter Self-timer: Can be selected from 10 and 2 second durations Built-in fash Range: Auto m T Flash control: TTL auto fash with monitor prefashes Interface: Receiver frequency IEEE Coretex-A9 RAM: Android 2. These cameras are feature-packed and have very short product lives since they are replaced fast by the companies to ward off competition.

It uses two AA bateries for power and has a plastic tripod receptacle. Te lens has a three-segment construction. Te back of the camera houses all the controls except the power and shuter release butons which are on the top panel. Te LCD is recessed, therefore the chance of it geting scratched when the camera is kept on its back is less. Since Anyone can Click! Key Features Te Tis sensor has higher sensitivity compared to normal sensors, enabling low noise in low-light situations. Te lens focusses from approximately 10cm to infnity at the wide-angle end and approximately cm to infnity at the telephoto end.

Metering modes of the camera are Multi-patern, Centre-weighted, and Spot. Te self-timer can be set to fre the shuter with a delay of 2 or 10 sec. Te camera features Auto Macro and Face Detection features and can detect up to eight faces in a frame. Still images are recorded in JPEG format with maximum pixel dimensions of x while videos are recorded in AVC MP4 format with the highest quality of x Te camera uses a 2.

It is powered by two AA alkaline bateries. Te camera weighs approximately g with batery and memory card g body only and has dimensions of Ergonomics Te Sony S is comfortable to hold and operate.

Te thick hand grip allows beter handling. All controls on the back panel are within reach of the right thumb. User interface is straightorward and the menus are easy to navigate. Te LCD is not of the best quality, but is certainly good for a budget camera. We observed slight lag in the display, but this too seems pardonable. Images were sharp out of the box.

Considering its very low cost, it is a fair bargain. Autofocus was reasonably fast and had no problem locking on to the subject even under low light. We observed a low whirring sound while the AF motor operated. Slight barrel distortion was observed from the wide-angle end to about 80mm, but you may not notice this in normal images.

Ideally, the test should have been conducted at the widest aperture since chances of fare are more then. But since the camera does not allow manual control, we could not adjust this.

At 25 percent of this screen size, images were noise-free up to ISO ISO and were quite noisy. Slight noise could be seen at ISO Observed at 50 percent, we observed very slight noise at ISO , while at percent, even ISO produced slight noise as expected.

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For best results, stick to ISO or lower. Te S disappointed us on the White Balance front. Auto White Balance mode produced distinct colour casts under all light sources.

Tis price is only fair for this camera since the real value depends on the price-performance ratio. ISO Auto: Yes Face Detection: PDFs with this free tool can be secured, signed, and are automatically saved.

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What's more, they support a tech called ConnectedPDF so you can send PDF files and even update them after you send them thanks be to the cloud. Adobe Acrobat Reader DC Adobe created the PDF format, so it stands to reason it would still offer a pretty kick-ass free PDF reader, albeit one that's not as full-featured as some others, since it has other tools it wants to sell you.

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Almost everything you need is free for personal use: desktop sharing, file transfers, even chat with remote users. The setup couldn't be easier. Read our review of TeamViewer. Chrome Remote Desktop With mobile apps and a Google Chrome browser extension—and that's it—Chrome Remote Desktop more than rivals others for providing remote access between PCs you can't use it to control a smartphone or tablet, but you can control a PC from the apps on a smartphone or tablet.

You can connect to all your computers and devices that are on the same Google account, or get a code from others for a true remote session. You don't even have to have the browser running to get access to the PC.

What's lacking is file transfer between systems, but you can get around that using Google Drive. ScreenLeap A web-based, screen-share system though the shared screen requires an installed utility , ScreenLeap's interface is ultra-simple and offers the ability to swap presenters as needed. The free version is limited to 40 minutes of use per day with no more than eight viewers, with no conferencing option. It works on every major OS, browser, and mobile device, so you only need one master password to stay totally secure on every website and service you visit, no matter how you get there.

Read our review of LastPass. LogMeOnce Password Management Suite Premium Don't let that word "premium" fool you, this software for logging in is free, albeit with some paid upgrades available. LogMeOnce's claim to fame is to be utterly "passwordless. It's browser-based so it works the same on all desktop systems, but syncs across desktops and mobile devices. It has so much free stuff, you may get confused. You can use one cloud service and two devices with the free version and share access to encrypted files with others.

BoxCryptor itself has zero access to your data or account info, so don't lose your password. The Tor Browser uses the Tor network to bounce your requests and responses all over the world. No one knows what sites you visit or where you really are. Prey For free, Prey will help you keep tabs on up three of your devices and many more if you pay. Think of it as a backup for Find My iPhone, but on multiple, easily stolen products running operating systems other than just iOS.

You probably should, but you can go a long way without laying out the cash, especially with a tool like ProtonVPN. It's one of the few VPNs that offers a truly free tier of service, albeit with typical restrictions.Click on the foreground colour square in the toolbox and select a suitable blue for the sky.

It's browser-based so it works the same on all desktop systems, but syncs across desktops and mobile devices. Tey use a heating process to mix dyes on to mat or gloss fnished products which produces a continuous tone print. All pictures that are forwarded to Kaleidoscope should be 8x10 inches in size or larger and at ppi. Check the histogram of the image. Te company expects a recovery in sales of D-SLR cameras, high value-added compact camera models and inkjet printers but anticipates uncertainty in laser printers and industrial equipment, such as semiconductor and fat panel display exposure machines.

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